Civil Services Exam: Every year lakhs of candidates appear for the Indian Civil Service exam, often rated as the toughest competitive examination in the country, conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
Out of the 24 services that come under the purview of All India Services. As there are 3 main services that are the most sought after among civil service candidates for their career potential.
Namely the Indian Foreign Service (IFS), the Indian Police Service (IPS), and finally the most prestigious and top class of them all – the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).
The IAS forms the basis of the Indian government’s bureaucracy and consists of all senior officials of the state and central government, who are tasked with helping the government function efficiently.
Candidates must successfully complete the three main stages of this exam, such as Preliminary, Mains, and Final Interview rounds before they are selected for a career in the Indian Administrative Service.
Types of Civil Services in India
Note: You can also read about the classification of services into technical services and non-technical services on the basis of the Civil Services Examination (CSE).
Civil Services Examination (CSE)
Though popularly known as the ‘IAS Exam’, the official name of the exam is UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE). There are many people who consider this exam to be the toughest exam in India (and globally too!) The exam is attempted by around 5 lakh candidates every year.
UPSC CSE will be conducted in 3 stages: 1) Preliminary & 2) Main 3) Interview. The exam window extends for more than one year (from June month of one year to June month of the next year when the result is declared).
The notification for UPSC Civil Services Examination for 2023 will be published on February 01, 2023. You can apply for UPSC CSE 2022 between February 01, 2023, and February 21, 2023.
What does an IAS officer do?
As mentioned above, the greatest priority of an IAS officer is to help senior government officials and ministers frame policies and operate their respective departments/ministries.
However, they will also have to report back to the Ministry concerned. Share feedback on the steps taken to implement the same and the ground impact and areas for improvement
IAS officers normally start their careers at the lowest sub-divisional level and are also accountable to both their state legislatures and the central parliament.
Revenue collection, fund disbursement, crisis management, disaster relief, maintaining law and order, and policymaking – are some of the other major responsibilities of an IAS officer.
The promotion of an IAS officer to the post of District Magistrate or DM of the district depends on the overtime and performance of the District Collector or Commissioner.
Upon reaching a certain level of seniority, officers are often deputed for central posting as deputy / joint / cabinet secretaries with the central government.
Some senior IAS officers also held in prominent positions in reputed public sector undertakings or public sector undertakings.
How much do they earn per month?
Apart from influential power in matters of public administration and their proximity to influential politicians, IAS officers are also very good for their services.
For example, a junior officer can expect to approximate. INR 60,000 per month, hosting additional allowances (HRA / TA) if applicable. Still not learning on a bad job for a rogue officer.
At the other end of the spectrum, a very senior IAS officer – at the level of cabinet or joint secretary – is paid around 2.5 lakh rupees per month – all thanks to the recommendations of the 7th Pay Commission.
what is the average salary in India
Civil Services Preliminary Exam
There are two papers in the Civil Services Preliminary Examination. The questions are of objective nature.
IAS Prelims Exam Date:
The preliminary exam is primarily an elimination test and hence its marks are not considered for the final ranking. The syllabus of UPSC Civil Services Preliminary and Main Examination is given on this website. For more details about the Preliminary Exam visit: “How to Crack Civil Services Preliminary Exam?”.
Civil Service Main Examination
The main stage is subjective in nature as the answers are to be written on paper. The Civil Services Main Question Papers as per the revised syllabus are given below.
UPSC Civil Services Main Exam consists of 9 papers as per the revised syllabus. Out of these 9 papers, the marks of 7 will be counted for the final ranking, while Paper 2 will be of qualifying nature.
Arithmetic Question Paper in UPSC Civil Services Main Exam
Qualifying Papers in UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam
IAS Main Exam Dates:
civil service interview
The interview is a face-to-face process that evaluates a candidate’s potential and commitment to the society. The interview is out of 275 marks.
The final rank is calculated by adding up the Mains (out of 1750) and interview marks (out of 275) and the rank list will be prepared on the basis of marks obtained out of 2025.
IAS Interview Dates:
Eligibility criteria for civil services exam
Here is a look at some of the primary eligibility conditions which should be fulfilled by the aspirants who wish to appear in the UPSC exams.
IAS exam syllabus and related details
With a success rate of less than 10 percent, this exam is one of the toughest public service examinations in the country.
To add, rigorous UPSC preparation and serious study are required for several months to clear all three rounds before the selection of the candidate.
There are three primary categories of examination,
- Preliminary Aptitude Test or CSAT
- Main exam (written)
- Face-to-face interview
- The first phase, which is the preliminary (objective) examination, is usually conducted around the month of June, while the written examination is held around October each year.
Only those students who have passed both exams are shortlisted for the final interview/personality test round which is held every year in March-May.
The final results are announced in the month of June.
Freshers must prepare a study plan to prepare for the UPSC exam, for the first time it is necessary to gain a better understanding of the exam syllabus and pattern.
The first stage, which is a preliminary examination, consists of two compulsory tests – General Studies I and General Studies II.
If you want to reach the next level, then each paper carries 200 marks and both are compulsory.
To give you a better idea about some of the main topics covered in the written examination, here is a preview of some important topics, which you have to read to be included in the written examination.
These critical tests are also used to assess some of your major personality traits including
Reference books and study material
There is no shortage of books and academic literature, which can help you crack the UPSC exam on the first attempt.
You can also see many NCERT books and subjects which are used as reference and preparation material, especially by IAS aspirants.
People also ask for civil services exam
What is the qualification for the civil service exam?
Educational Qualification for IAS Exam: The candidate must have a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized University. UPSC Civil Services Exam Age Limit: Candidate age should be minimum 21 years and not more than 32 years. General Category & EWS: 32 Years; 6 attempts.
Is the civil service exam the same as UPSC?
The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. It is the apex body that conducts various examinations. Civil Services Exam is one of the exams conducted by UPSC which recruits for IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, etc. Find out the dates of these exams in UPSC Calendar 2022.
How many exams are there in civil services?
UPSC Civil Services Exam consists of 3 stages – (1) Preliminary Exam (Objective Test) (2) Main Exam (Written Exam) (3) Personality Test (Interview).
What are the subjects in civils?
UPSC exam is one of the toughest exams in India but it is not impossible if you follow the right strategy. Here is a 10-point strategy list from an expert on how to crack UPSC. UPSC exam is one of the toughest exams in India but it’s not impossible if you follow the right strategy